Islamic Art - The Legendary Phenomenon of Rich Creativity

 

Early Islamic Art originated from the seventh century from the region, now referred to as Syria. Islamic Art encompassed the works of all artists, inspite of their religion, living around the lands under Muslim Empire. Because of this, Islamic Art is a confluence of numerous art cultures. Islamic Art had architecture, calligraphy, painting, and ceramics, since it's key forms.

arabic wall decal

 

During the early Islamic Period, from seventh to tenth century, the most prominent art form was calligraphy. This calls for decorating text, such as the use of ornamental motifs and embellishments to improve the appeal of walls and curios in palaces, mosques, and houses. Islamic Calligraphy uses proverbs and verses from the Holy Quran, and is therefore, among the noblest art forms. It mainly employs two symbolic scripts, 'Kufic' and 'Naskh.'

'Glazed Ceramics' (eighth to 18th century), such as "Stonepaste Ceramics of Iraq" (ninth century) were the opposite splendors of the Islamic pottery. 'Lusterware Pottery,' originally from Iraq from the eighth century, and 'Enameled Glass' were a few more prominent eighth and ninth century pottery art forms, of which 'tin-opacified glazing' like "blue-painted opaque glaze wares of Basra" (eighth century), and 'lusterware' were both 'revolutionary' techniques discovered. Moreover, the first industrial complex for 'gilded' & 'enameled glass' production was established in eighth century only, in Syria.

islamic wall decorations

An element unique to all Islamic Artistic representations was covering the creative medium surfaces with complex geometric, vegetal, and complex floral patterns. The recurrence of the patterns, called 'Arabesque' probably shows the infinite nature of Allah. Luxury artworks, such as beautiful relief-cut, stained, & mosaic glass, intricate tile work, fine ivory caskets, and metalwork peaked in the Medieval Islamic Era (from tenth to fifteenth century).

Islamic Architecture is just about the important and the most prolific form of Islamic Art. The "Dome in the Rock (Qubbat al-Sakhrah)," in Jerusalem, internal the 691 CE, is perhaps the oldest Muslim building intact in their original form. The application of domes in their buildings may be an integral feature of Islamic Architecture, which has been carried through to the nineteenth century western architecture. "The Great Mosque of Cordoba," in Spain and "Alhambra Palace," in Granada, exhibit 'Roman-Byzantine' influences. "The Citadel in Cairo," Egypt, "Turkish Bath Houses (Hamams)," "Caravan Inns (Caravanserai)" of Central Asia, and "Tombs" through the entire Middle East, will be the key examples of Medieval Islamic Architecture. Intricate tile works and geometric tiling were the prominent architectural top features of this period. The "Taj Mahal," in India, built in the seventeenth century by the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan, is the most brilliant demonstration of the Modern Islamic Architecture.

New artistic representations, such as jewelry making, stone carving, painting, textile weaving, and manuscript illumination, gained importance through the Later Islamic Period. Several of the finest Islamic Pile Carpets, especially 'Oriental Rugs' and 'Persian Carpets' are created during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Miniature paintings of individuals, strictly secular naturally, were found in the courts of "Iran" and "Mughal India." Figurative imagery may not be popular in Islamic Art, as idol worship is banned beneath the 'Sharia Law' of Islam.

Islamic Literature includes the rich works, such as "The Book of One Thousand and something Nights (Arabian Nights)" (tenth to fourteenth century), a selection of tales by Persian Queen Scheherazade; "Ferdowsi's Shahnameh," an Iranian Epic determined by Persian History, and "Amir Arsalan," Persian mythological story. "Layla and Majnun" (seventh century), Arabic & Persian Poetry, may be the probable influence in order to obtain 'Romeo & Juliet' later. Ibn Tufail's (Abubacer) "Hayy ibn Yaqdhan (Philosophus Autodidactus)," which inspired Daniel Defoe to write 'Robinson Crusoe' and Rudyard Kipling to write 'The Jungle Book,' introduced the idea of philosophical novels to the world, while Ibn al-Nafis' "Theologus Autodidactus" may be the first science fiction novel. Islamic Eschatology, the "Hadith" as well as the "Kitab al-Miraj," inspired Dante Alighieri's 'Divine Comedy,' Peele's 'The Battle of Alcazar,' and Shakespeare's 'The Merchant of Venice,' 'Titus Andronicus,' & 'Othello.' In addition, Islamic, Persian, and Arabic music, Puppet theatre, and passion plays called 'ta'ziya' are other splendid Islamic Art forms.